Home:Zoo:Birds:Game Birds:Pheasants, Partridges & Quails:Erckel's Francolin

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Erckel's Francolin Photos
Note the spurs
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Quick Facts
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Francolinus
Species: erckelii

Length: 10 - 16 inches
Incubation: 21 - 23 days
Offspring: 7 - 12

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Erckel's Francolin

Francolinus erckelii

Walking (372 KB)
Call (79 KB)

Francolins are partridges with spurs. In Erckel's francolin, females may develop small spurs, but males often develop two, with the top pair being the longest. The two sexes are similar in appearance, but the male is larger in size.


Erckel's francolins are native to northern Ethiopia and Sudan, although they have been introduced in other parts of the world as well.


The raptors are the main predatorsWhat does predators mean? of the Erckel's francolin, and the eggs and young are preyed upon by baboons.


MonogamousWhat does Monogamous mean? pairs for the basic social structure for Erckel's francolin. Normally, they are very tame, but a mother is very protective of her young and males can use their spurs if threatened.


A mother lays 7-12 spotted eggs. They hatch after an incubationWhat does incubation mean? period of 21 to 23 days.

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