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Spectacled Bear
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Quick Facts
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Genus: Tremarctos
Species: ornatus

Height: 30 inches
Length: 51 - 75 inches
Weight: 175 - 275 lbs
Gestation: 42 - 70 days
Offspring: 1 - 2
Life Span: 25 years

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Spectacled Bear

Tremarctos ornatus

Also Called: Andean Bear

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The Spectacled bear is considered one of the small bears, with males commonly weighing only 290 pounds. Females weigh much less at around 110 pounds. It has a black coat with a white pattern extending around the eyes like glasses or spectacles.


The Spectacled bear eats pond fronds, figs, and cactus. While mostly herbivorousWhat does herbivorous mean?, the Spectacled bear also eats insects and even livestock.


The Spectacled bear is native to the Andes in South America, where it prefers humid forests or grasslands. It also will live in scrub deserts if necessary.


After a gestationWhat does gestation mean? period of about 250 days, the mother Spectacled bear gives birth to a litter of 1 to 3 (but usually only 2) small cubs. Each cub weighs only 11 ounces.

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